Garwolin is an important town in the Smile Guide series.
The town in Smile GuideEdit
Garwolin is first seen in How to your own hair. It is said that "this city exists only on a map". While trees are shown, a picture flashes. It shows a building in Garwolin (12, Mickiewicz Street) with the mispelled words "krzywy horyząt" (Crooked horizon). Then, a map of the Garwolin area made in 1867 is shown.
The nearby town of Parysów might be referenced on the boxes in which T-shirts are sold.
Garwolin and Parysów in real lifeEdit
Garwolin [gar-voh-lyn] is a town on the Wilga river in eastern Poland, capital of Garwolin County, situated in the southeast part of the Garwolin plateau in Masovian Voivodeship (since 1999, before: Siedlce Voivodeship), 62 km southeast of Warsaw, 100 km northwest of Lublin. There are about 16,000 inhabitants in the town.
Traces of settlement on terrains of present days boundaries of Garwolin are more than 2000 years old. It is believed that Garwolin received its city charter in 1423, but the exact date is unknown; it is almost certain that the document from 1423 was only acknowledgement of before-stated city laws. In time of the Deluge casualties exceeded 90%.
During WWII and the Nazi occupation of Poland, about 70% of the city was destroyed. The town and the powiat were administered by Kreishauptmann Karl Freudenthal, who was responsible for the murder of more than 1000 inhabitants, the deportation of several thousand local Poles to concentration camps and slave labor in Nazi Germany, and the transfer of the local Jews to various ghettos in the region. For his war crimes, Freudenthal was sentenced to death by the Polish underground, and the sentence was carried out by the Home Army on 5 July 1944, as part of Operacja Główki ("Operation Heads").
At the end of July 1944 the Red Army's 2nd Guards Tank Army, under the command of Alexei Radzievsky, routed the German73rd Infantry Division at Garwolin, capturing its commander, Friedrich Franek.
After the war Garwolin was restored and enlarged. The Neo-baroque church, dating from the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries, is a notable building.
Parysów [pah-ris-uv] is a village in Garwolin County, Masovian Voivodeship, in east-central Poland. It is the seat of the gmina (administrative district) called Gmina Parysów. It lies approximately 9 kilometres (6 mi) north-east of Garwolin and 55 km (34 mi) south-east of Warsaw. The village has a population of 1,100.